One point that I always insist on the corrections I make and the texts I write is that the type of text normally requested in public tenders is the argumentative dissertation. I always emphasize this word because, in general, the students end up doing only an expository dissertation, that is, they describe a problem or a given reality, but do not argue about it, do not show their point of view about it.
Considering this difficulty that affects most of the students, today we begin a series of texts to show the way not only for the argumentation, but for a good argumentation, because it is possible to argue using only the common sense, which we also observe in the texts of the students . Using common sense in argumentation makes the text weak and inefficient in its purpose: to convince the reader of a given point of view.
A text that has a good argument is one in which the reader, even though he does not agree with the point of view defended in the text, realizes the relevance of considering the arguments presented, since they are consistent and make sense. This is what you should keep in mind to build good argumentation in your text.
But then, which way to go to conquer this goal? I’ll show you a path with three steps, the first one being the construction of a repertoire.
It may be that your teacher, in correcting your text, has said that the approach to the subject is superficial. This is because, although we are immersed in a sea of information and knowledge production, for many reasons, many people end up spending their time with other activities and stop feeding their repertoire. Then, when writing a text, they will not have resources, that is, relevant, interesting, consistent, logical, in-depth information to discuss an issue.
Another problem is that people are not in the habit of attending debates, confronting controversial texts, discussing more complex issues, which means that they do not exercise more in-depth reflection, and especially the ability to argue.
Therefore, the first step in developing good argumentation in your text is to feed your repertoire. In what way? Reading diverse types of texts on the most varied subjects (history, geography, news, art, science, health, environment, politics, etc.). You can also watch movies, TV shows (which are not just entertainment but have something to add to your repertoire), debates, internet videos, news programs, interview programs, etc.
All this will make you broaden your knowledge on various subjects, allowing you to have something really relevant to say in your text, not just common sense. As the name itself says common sense is common, it is something that repeats itself and has no depth; is something that everyone knows and does not add anything to the text. It is the path opposite to the path of good argument.
Next month we’ll take another step for you to take this path.